Eye diseases nearsightedness essay

Help in killing germs thus prevent infection. It is corrected by the use of convex lens Fig. This abnormality of vision is due to the irregularities in the shape of the lens and cornea. Myopia occurs when the eyeball is slightly longer than usual from front to back.


On the margins of eye lids are small Meibomian glands which secrete an oily substance for lubricating the eye lids and for holding a thin film of tears underneath. A lymphatic vessel is found in the vitreous chamber passing from the lens to the blind spot and is known as hyaloid canal. The ciliary muscles are also within vascular tunic and are responsible for altering the shape of the lens when trying to focus Willis, ND.

The iris and lens divide the cavity of the eye ball into a small, anterior aqueous chamber and a large, posterior vitreous chamber. The higher the numeral, the stronger your lenses will be. Surgical removal of the lens and its replacement by a convex lens is the only remedy of this disease. It is due to the loss of flexibility of the lens in the old age.

If you experience these symptoms while wearing your glasses or contact lenses, you may need a comprehensive eye examination as well as a new prescription.

Essay on Eye: Structure, Working and Defects

In many cases, nearsightedness stabilizes in early adulthood, but it sometimes progresses with age. The reason for the increase in myopia is believed by eye care professionals to be caused not only by genetics, but also by eye fatigue caused by extended use of computers and other digital devices.

It is known as binocular vision.

Nearsightedness: Causes of Myopia

Denise Satterfield MD Sep. Rods and cones are not evenly distributed in retina. A child with nearsightedness may: Symptoms Blurry vision when looking at distant objects The need to squint or partially close the eyelids to see clearly Headaches caused by eyestrain Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night night myopia Nearsightedness is often first detected during childhood and is commonly diagnosed between the early school years through the teens.

In this type of eye defect the lens become opaque due to several reasons. Eyes are the chief organs of vision in human body and hence termed as photoreceptors. NEI, Hyperopia, commomly known as long sightedness, is the opposite to Myopia, this allows sufferers to see objects at distance clearly but struggle with objects that are near Lowth, Behind the iris is a transparent biconvex lens, which is attached to the ciliary body by suspensory ligaments.

In the area centralis is a small depression, the fovea centralis, which is the area of the sharpest colour vision. In myopia, close objects look clear but distant objects appear blurred.

Myopia, Hyperopia, Presbyopia, & Astigmatism

In this case the lens of the eye is too convex and the rays of light are focused at a point in front of the retina instead of upon it. The light rays are then focussed on the retina by the biconvex lens, so that a sharp inverted image is formed on the retina.

In higher mammals including man the fields of vision of two eyes overlap or even coincide. These pigments appear to be located in cones and may be responsible for colour vision.

Seek emergency medical care if you experience: So the light rays are not brought into sharp focus on the retina.

Adults If you're at high risk of certain eye diseases, such as glaucoma, get a dilated eye exam every one to two years, starting at age In front of the ciliary body, the choroid separates from the sclerotic and passes inwards as iris which possesses a circular aperture in the centre called pupil.

Myopia (Nearsightedness): Causes and Treatment

How the Eyes see, Available at: Below the outer corner of the upper eye lid are lacrimal or tear glands to produce tears that keep the eye ball conjunctivae moist.

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is caused by a refractive error where the eye is longer than normal or the cornea is too steep. As a result, light rays focus in fro. Myopia is a very serious disease that can have a tremendous effect on the life of a child.

Approximately % of blindness among American school children can be attributed to myopia. Furthermore, it predisposes individuals to retinal detachment, retinal degeneration, and glaucoma (Quinn et. al., ). It is known as binocular vision. However, in some animals like rabbit, each eye covers a different field of vision, this is called monocular vision.

Common Eye Defects: 1. Myopia or Short-sightedness: People having this eye defect can see near objects clearly but not distant objects. The Eye: Structure and Diseases Rods respond to low intensity light; cones, which require high intensity light, identify colour.

The blind spot is where the optic nerve attaches to the retina; no rods or cones are present in this area, so there’s an absence of photosensitive cells. In fact, a recent study by the National Eye Institute (NEI) shows the prevalence of myopia grew from 25 percent of the U.S. population (ages 12 to 54) in to a whopping percent in Presbyopia differs from myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism, which are related to the shape of the eyeball and are caused by genetic and environmental factors.

Unlike these commonly known eye disorders, presbyopia is simply a symptom of .

Eye diseases nearsightedness essay
Rated 0/5 based on 31 review
The Eye | Essay Example